Managing the Distraction - Focus Paradox

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Curiosity and concentration are often at odds — but they needn’t be.

In the time you’ve set aside to read or listen to this segment, you’re likely to check your phone. You’ll probably see notifications for emails or text messages pop up on your lock screen. You won’t resist. Once you’ve started thumbing through your apps, you’ll check Twitter, too. If you use Twitter as your media feed, you may click through to an article about stocks or vacation destinations. We’ll be lucky if you make it back here.

Nicholas Carr, author of The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, would have you believe that your behavior is a serious problem, that the ephemeral Internet is hijacking your ability to concentrate and think.

On the other hand, Professor Carsten Lund Pedersen of Stockholm University argues that, in today’s workplace, the seductive clamor of the web is a reality from which there’s no retreat. In the age of big data and ever-more-powerful processors, we must absorb more data at faster speeds. Those who’ll succeed in this distraction-filled world as thinkers, managers, and innovators will need to combine two seemingly opposing traits. They must be able to absorb diverse information from a wealth of sources, and they must be able to focus intensely. Pedersen calls this the distraction-focus paradox. While these two qualities seem contradictory, together they make up the skill set for managing your most valuable personal resource — your attention — in a hyper-connected age.

Yes, these abilities have always been important — but their combination will become more so in the coming years, as social media and mobile computing continue to advance. As Pedersen writes in the Summer 2018 MIT Sloan Management Review, “Productive distraction” balances curiosity and concentration.

Knowledge workers need diverse information. Research has repeatedly shown that diversity in mental models — that is, how you interpret and see problems — leads to better problem-solving and more innovation. That’s a theme that courses through Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics, the memoir of Richard Thaler the 2017 winner of the Nobel Prize in economics.

As a young scholar,...

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